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| Last Updated:: 24/09/2015

Climate change India to unveil plan on October 1


NEW DELHI: India's nationally determined contributions to mitigate climate change are likely to be unveiled on October 1 and will promote renewable energy, enhanced energy efficiency, less carbon intensive urban centres, green transport and abatement of pollution. 

India's strategy ahead of the climate summit in Paris in December will be firmly anchored in the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" and will clearly project India's financial, technology transfer and capacity building requirements. 

India, along with several other developing countries, has been a vocal advocate of developed nations doing their bit to transfer mitigation technology and green innovations in keeping with their historical responsibility for global warming. 

The intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) are expected to reflect initiatives in agriculture, water management, health and programmes for coastal regions and islands. Disaster management, protection of ecological diversity and the Himalayan eco-system will be dealt with by the Indian announcement. 

The Indian plan will seek a connection with Mahatma Gandhi's ideal of sustainable and equitable lifestyles. It believes that while poverty is a big polluter, profligate consumption is a grave threat to the environment. 

The approach appears to reflect the views of environmental economists who argue that nature is both a resource and a sink and replenishment and less wasteful consumption are essential to ensure balanced growth. 

The document will be read with interest as India is under pressure to do more to control warming as a large and rapidly developing nation. On its part, India has said that its per capita carbon imprint cannot be compared to nations like China which is the world's largest manufacturer and emitter of greenhouse gases. 

The government is looking to address contributions that include adaptation, mitigation, finance, technology transfer, capacity building and balances the need for reducing pollution and GHGs while catering to the growth needs of a large population. 

Environment and forests minister Prakash Javadekar has stressed that India's right to grow cannot be curtailed even as it undertakes serious initiatives to reduce its carbon dioxide production. "In fact, the more developed countries should vacate carbon space for countries like India," he has said. 

Ahead of the preparation of INDCs, the government has engaged in a wide and detailed consultative process involving various departments and civil society organizations. The government also carried out GHG modeling studies with three institutions to generate projections of emissions till 2050.