JavaScript must be enabled in order for you to use the Site in standard view. However, it seems JavaScript is either disabled or not supported by your browser. To use standard view, enable JavaScript by changing your browser options.

| Last Updated:: 26/08/2023

Tirumala- Tirupati Gardens











The Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam (TTD) Gardens - ornamental, landscape and flower gardens - occupy an area of 460 acres in Tirupati and Tirumala. There are about 200 varieties of plants in these gardens.





It is believed that the great Vaishnava acharya Sri Ramanuja and his disciple, Sri Anandalwar developed these gardens in the fourteenth century.  Legend has it that the Tirumala flower gardens were cultivated by Sattada Sri Vaishnavas under the name of Dasa Nambis who made flower garlands for use in temples in Tirumala-Tirupati. Inscriptions in the temple refer to numerous flower gardens during the latter period of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. In Tirumala many places are named after Nandanavanams - Andalwar Garden, Tharigonda Venkamamba Garden, Hathiramjee Garden and Tallapaka Garden.





To add to the glory of the gardens, there are many tanks and ponds such as Alwar Tank, Mangalabhavi and Ananthapalligunta which are useful not only as perennial water sources for the temple gardens but also for growing red lotus flowers and supplying fresh water to the pilgrims and natives.












The main flowers used for Srivari Kainkaryam (puja) are the scented ones like roses, lotuses, chrysanthemums, davana, tulasi, Nerium, Tabornamontana, Kanakambaram (Tagetes) and Exora.











The Gardens Department of TTD meets the demand for flowers of all the temples in Tirumala. The Department supplies nearly 500 kg of flowers every day to all temples in Tirumala and Tirupati. It supplies garlands for adorning the deities and for decorating the mandapampandals and vahanas on festive occasions. The Department also accepts flowers in the form of donations from the devotees wherein flowers can be supplied under the name 'Sri Vari Pushpa kainkaryam'. The Department organises Pushpa Yagam and horticultural flower shows every year during Brahmotsavam.











There is a tradition whereby pilgrims must not wear flowers in their hair. Only Lord Venkateshawara may do so. Used flowers are disposed off in a step- well called Poola Bavi or Well of Flowers, a practice initiated by Sri Ramanuja. The used flowers are made into perfume for the puja. 










The Department has also released a number of books and publications like Plant Wealth of Tirumala, Angiospermic Wealth of Tirumala, The Ornamental Designs, Inti Thotalu (Telugu), Thota Panulu (Telugu). The Garden Department has a large germplasm collection of various ornamental varieties collected from various places in India and abroad.