Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Sunday, March 3, 2024

Three-Leaved Caper









Botanical Name

Crataeva religiosa

Common Name      

Three-leaved caper, Barun (Hindi), Mavilankai (Tamil), Varuna (Sanskrit)  


Throughout India 


Religious association




The tree is sacred to Lord Shiva and the leaves are used to worship Him, especially on Mahashivaratri. The tree is also sacred to Rahu (Planet Neptune), one of the nine planets or the navagrahas.







The plant is very important in traditional medicine. It is used as a cure for urinary infections. The bark and leaves are used to cure rheumatic pain and swellings.