Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Sunday, March 3, 2024

Sacred Groves in Odisha

 

 

 

 

A sacred bamboo grove - South Odisha  

 

 

 

 

The institution of sacred groves in the State is recognized by various names such as Jahera, Thakurnam

 

169 sacred groves have been documented in the state.  Some of the deities to whom these groves are dedicated are Jhakeri, Gram Siri, Gossa Pennu, Pitabaldi, Loha Penu, Gaisri and Pat Baram.

 

 

 

 

 

Offerings to the Manesa goddess

 

 

 

 

Sal, Mango, Dumri, Senha, Arabian Jasmine, Bengal quince, Billy goat-weed, Axile wood, Neem, Pig Weed and Silk cotton tree are among the most commonly found plant species in the sacred groves.

 

 

Unique biodiversity has been reflected in the groves as they harbour many medicinal plants, roots, fruit trees and creepers (like siari) and shrubs along with many faunal types including various resident birds, reptiles and wild animals.

 

 

 

 


Distribution of Sacred Groves in different panchayats of Semiliguda block, Koraput district, Odisha
 

Si.No

Name of the Panchayats

No. of Villages

No. of Sacred grove present

Total Area of SG (Acre)

Average size of Sacred groves

1

Kunduli

11

11

5.92

0.54

2

Sadam

20

17

5.60

0.33

3

Rajput

20

9

12.55

1.39

4

Subai

18

18

11.45

0.64

5

Dudhari

14

11

2.10

0.19

6

Guntaput

19

8

4.09

0.51

7

Dalaiguda

14

14

23.50

0.51

8

Nutal

18

7

1.70

0.24

9

Pakujola

16

16

15.46

0.97

10

Khudi

24

24

4.67

0.19

11

Renga

16

8

5.74

0.72

12

Hatguda

17

13

4.65

0.36

13

Kanti

13

13

7.75

0.60

 

 

220

169

105.18

7.19

              

Source: Malhotra, K.C., Shashi Stanley, N.S. Hemam and Ketaki Das, “Cultural and ecological value of natural sacred biodiversity site in Orissa, India: Threats and opportunities”, Paper presented at the International symposium – CNRS-UNESCO-MNHN- Natural sacred sites – cultural diversity – biological diversity, 22 – 25 September 1998, Paris, France.

   

    

Si.No

Name of the Grove

Deity

Area

( ha)

1

Alligam

Ganga Maa

0.20

2

Maulimaa

Maha Prabhu

0.19

3

Bhairabguda

Devi Bhairabi

0.12

4

Dudhari

Shiba Dev

0.16

5

Mali Dusara

Ganga Maa

0.12

6

Kanta Basunsuni

Devi Kanta Basunsuni

1.61

Panda Debabrata, Bisoi Sidhanta Sekhar and Palita Sharat K 2014, Floral Diversity Conservation through Sacred Groves in Koraput District, Odisha, India: A Case Study, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, Vol. 3(9), 80-86.

 

 

Si.No

Name of the sacred grove

 Near forest area

Nearest forest reserve

1

Sunya ,Mandap,

Ramda Hill

Ramda Hill

2

Barapada

Kuidiha WS

Kuidiha WS

3

Anala Sree

Kuidiha WS

Kuidiha WS

4

Bauladiha

Kuidiha WS

Kuidiha WS

5

Chhot  Begunia

Raibania RF

Raibania RF

6

Bad  Begunia

Nil

Nil

7

Khuad

Khuad RF

Khuad RF

8

Purnapani

Purnapani RF

Purnapani RF

9

Kendu  Khunta

Nil

Nil

10

Luhapoda

Luhapoda  RF

Luhapoda RF

11

Bakulapoda

Nil

Nil

12

Bhadrapada

Bhadrapada  RF

Bhadrapada RF

13

Raibania

Raibania RF

Raibania RF

Source: Raj Kishore Mohanta,  Bhupendra Singh Adhikari, 2012 , “The Biological Values and Conservation Status of Sacred Groves in the Balasore Wildlife Division, Odisha: A Case Study” International Journal of Conservation Science,  Volume 3, Issue 3, 207-216