Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, November 30, 2023

Armamalai Cave





Armamalai Cave is known for its Indian cave paintings. It is to the west of Malayampattu village which is 25 kms from Ambur in the Vellore district of Tamil Nadu. The cave is in the protected monument by the Archeological Survey of India and it is a Tamil Nadu tourist attraction.









 Armamalai cave is a natural cave which was converted to a Jain temple in 8th century AD. The cave contains 8th century Jain paintings, petroglyphs, rock art and the remains of Jain saints. The mural paintings are on the roof and walls of the cave. The paintings were created by applying colors on the thin lime surface and over the thick mud surface. These paintings were made by the Jain monks who stayed in the cave during the period when their religion was flourishing in the ancient Tamil country. The paintings in the cave are applied by two techniques, Fresco and Tempera. They are similar to the paintings of Sittanavasal Cave, another ancient Jain cave in Tamil Naduand Bagh Caves, an ancient Buddhist cave in Madhya Pradesh. The paintings in the cave are thought to be medieval cave paintings in India.