Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Saturday, June 10, 2023

Sandalwood Tree


Botanical Name

Santalum album Linn.

Common Name

Sandalwood tree, Chandana( Sanskrit), Chandan (Hindi), Sandanam (Tamil)



It is a small to medium-sized hemiparasitic tree, distributed rather widely in India. The populations are more concentrated in the southern region, especially Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala


Religious association



According to Vamana Purana, the wood is recommended for worshipping God Shiva. Goddess Lakshmi is believed to reside in the sandalwood tree .It is considered as one of the five trees growing in Indra's paradise.





Sandalwood and its oil are being used in Ayurveda for many centuries. The wood is bitter and is used as a cardiac tonic and cooling agent. Sandalwood paste relieves headches and brings down the temparature during fever. A mixture of sandal oil and mustard oil can cure pimples. 


Sandalwood occupies an important place in the religious ritual. The Parsis use it for feeding the fire in their temples. The wood is used in the manufacture of cosmetics and decorative toys, as it retains its pleasant perfume for long time.