Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Friday, July 1, 2022

Hedgehogs- An Invasive Species






  • Genera and Species – Hedgehogs belong to the Erinaceinae sub-family, five genera under it with 16 species.



  • Distribution- Hedgehogs are found in parts of Europe, Asia and Africa. No hedgehogs are found in Australia and America.



  • Diet- Hedgehogs are omnivorous and feed on insects, snails, frogs and toads, snakes, bird egs, berried and melons and watermelons.



  • Lifespan- Hedgehogs lifespan depends upon its size. Large species live 4 to 7 years and smaller species live 2 to 4 years.



  • Speed- Hedgehogs are fast and can run in short bursts of spped 0f about 3.22 kmph.




  • Hibernation- During hibernation, body temperature of the animal decreases to 2 °C.



Source: The New Indian Express, 04 May 2019, Chennai.