Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Friday, July 1, 2022

Hedgehogs- An Invasive Species

 

 

 

 

 

  • Genera and Species – Hedgehogs belong to the Erinaceinae sub-family, five genera under it with 16 species.

 

 

  • Distribution- Hedgehogs are found in parts of Europe, Asia and Africa. No hedgehogs are found in Australia and America.

 

 

  • Diet- Hedgehogs are omnivorous and feed on insects, snails, frogs and toads, snakes, bird egs, berried and melons and watermelons.

 

 

  • Lifespan- Hedgehogs lifespan depends upon its size. Large species live 4 to 7 years and smaller species live 2 to 4 years.

 

 

  • Speed- Hedgehogs are fast and can run in short bursts of spped 0f about 3.22 kmph.

 

 

 

  • Hibernation- During hibernation, body temperature of the animal decreases to 2 °C.

 

 

Source: The New Indian Express, 04 May 2019, Chennai.