Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, October 28, 2021

Bijapur

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bijapur, officially known as Vijayapur , is the district headquarters of Bijapur District of Karnataka state. It is also the headquarters for Bijapur Taluka.  

 

 

Bijapur city is well known for its historical monuments of architectural importance built during the rule of the Adil Shahi dynasty. Bijapur is one of the popular heritage city located in the Karnataka state of India. 

 

 

The city is one of the famous pilgrim spots in the state. There are many places with religious importance and is visited by people from all over Karnataka as well as the neighbouring states.  

 

 

 

Torvi Narsimha Temple: Located about five kilometers outside Bijapur, the Narsimha Temple Torvi, also known as the Narasoba or Narasimha temple, is an underground shrine dedicated to Saint Narasimha Saraswathi. The main object of worship here are a pair of sandals or padukas that are claimed to belong to Saint Narasimha Saraswathi. Popular belief also states that the Thoravi Ramayana was composed and written in Kannada by Kumara Valmiki at this very place.  

 

 

This temple is constructed underground. There is also a goddess Lakshmi temple nearby. The main icon of the Narmsimha temple is in reality of ugranarsimha but locally taken to be Lakshminarsimha. There is a pond in torvi village known as narasimha teertha and natives visit these temples every saturday.  

 

 

Kudalasangama: It is an important center of pilgrimage for Lingayats . Kudalasangama is renowned for the ancient Sri Sangameshwara temple dedicated to Basaveshwara, a renowned teacher, poet and the founder of the Lingayat faith. The Aikya Mantapa or the holy Samādhi of Basavanna, is here.  

 

 

As per the legends, it is believed that in the 12th century Jathaveda Muni Sarangamath had set up an education centre here and Basaveshvara, Channabasavanna and Akkanagamma were his students. Basaveshvara spent his boyhood here and, after his return from Kalyana, he is said to have become one with the God at this place. The vachanas composed by him are dedicated to the presiding deity here, Sangamanatha.  

 

 

Shrana Mela which is conducted on the Basava Kranti day (Makara Shankranti) i.e normally on the 14th of January is an annual feature and attracts lakhs of followers.  

 

 

Basavan Bagewadi: It is the birthplace of Lord Basavanna. Here beautiful Nandi Temple was constructed in the 11th century. It is under management of Kudal Sangam Development Authority.  

 

 

Siddeswar temple:  It is one of the most popular temples of Bijapur. Sri Siddearameshwar was one of the Acharaya of Lingayat. He was mystic and a Kannada poet who was a part of Basavanna's veerashaiva revolution during 12th cent. He composed 68,000 vachanas.  During Makar Sankranti there is an annual fare and is well known for the cattle market. Farmers from the neighbouring villages and states come to trade in cattle during this time.  

 

 

Parshwanatha Basadi: About 3 km from the city  is a basadi of Parshwanatha. The black stone idol is about 3 feet (0.91 m) high and of beautiful workmanship. A serpent with 1008 small hoods spread over the deity as umbrella is delicately carved. Some years back while digging a mound, the figure is stated to have been unearthed.  

 

 

This black stone idol possess miraculous powers, when a drop of milk or water is poured on in any one of the serpent's hood it comes out throughout all the mouth and the complete idol get watered and showered. A Chaubisi of marble along with Bhagwan Parshwanath is also seen here. A 5 feet high black-colored idol of Bhagwan Mahavira in Padmasana posture can be found in this temple. All these idols belong to the period in between 10 to 15 CAD. Along with this there is another temple called Adinath temple is also located in the city and the idols installed in this temple belongs to 11th to 20th century.  

 

 

Jama Masjid: Built by Adil Shahi I, during the second half of the 16th century is one of the protected heritage sites and a popular religious place. The mosque was build to commemorate the victory of Adil Shahis against the Vijayanagar kings. The mosque is also called as jumma Masjid.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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