Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Monday, December 5, 2022

Trees of the Rig Veda

 

 

 

 

 

Trees of the Rig Veda (RV):

 

·         Ashvatta           Pipal (Ficus religiosa) - RV. VI. 24, RV, I, 611.  RV I.135.8

 

           Pippala            Pipal (Ficus religiosa) - RV. I. 164, 20

 

·         Bhanga             Indian hemp (Cannabis sativa) - RV. IX. 61, 13

           (Bhanga in the Rig Veda is an epithet of Soma)

·         Karanja             Indian beech (Pongamia pinnata) - RV. I. 53, 8; X. 48, 8

 

·         Karkandhu       Jackal Jujube (Ziziphus oenoplia) - RV. I. 112, 6

 

·         Khadira            Cutch Tree (Acacia catechu) - RV, III. 53, 19   

     

·         Kimshuka         Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma) - RV. X. 85, 20

 

          Palasha, Parna  Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma) - RV. X. 97, 5

 

·         Nyagrodha        Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) - RV. I. 24, 7

 

·         Shalmali           Silk cotton tree (Bombax ceiba) - RV. VII. 50, 3

 

·         Shimbala          Flower of the Salmeli (Silk cotton tree) - RV. III. 53, 22

 

·         Shimshapa       Sissu, Indian rose wood (Dalbergia sissoo) - RV. III. 53, 19

 

·         Soma                RV, Ninth mandala

 

·         Urvaruka          Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) - RV. VII. 59, 12

 

·         Vibhaidaka       Bastard myrobalan (Terminalia bellirica) – RV. 8, 86, 6; X.34,1

 

 

 Trees are very important for locating a text. All the trees mentioned above are located on the Indian sub-continent. Their appearance in the Rig Veda granted them sanctity in later Hindus.