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| Last Updated:: 01/02/2016

Restored Sacred Groves

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre is a Centre of Excellence of the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India, established jointly by the Ministry and the C.P. Ramaswami Aiyar Foundation,Chennai.

 

 

CPREEC Centre has been set up to increase consciousness and knowledge about the environment and the major environmental problems facing the country today.  It has been conducting a variety of programmes to spread awareness and interest among the public, including, teachers, students, voluntary workers, educators, farmers, women and youth, on all aspects of the environment and ecology, with the purpose of promoting conservation of nature and natural resources.

 

 

In 1993, CPREEC decided to take education to action, and took up the restoration of sacred groves as a pilot project.  Through the years, CPREEC has restored 52 sacred groves in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

 

 

 

Introduction

 

 

 

India has a long tradition of conserving nature by giving it a spiritual dimension. There is a strong symbiotic relationship between the biophysical ecosystem and socio-economic institutions, with strong cultural relations binding them. Culture and environment have been regarded as complementary, yet dynamic. The various cultural connections are expressed through myths and religious practices that celebrate plants and animals, forests, rivers, mountains and precincts that are so essential for existence.

 

 

The sacred groves are an undisturbed patch of vegetation left on the outskirts of the villages in the plain or a part of a forested area.  They are dedicated to local folk deities or ancestral spirits that are protected by the local people through social traditions and taboos incorporating spiritual and ecological values and are called sacred groves. These groves are found all over the country with local names and associated deities.

 

 

 

 

RESTORATION OF SACRED GROVES   (1993-94 to 2013-14) 

 

SI.

No.

State & District

Place

Name of the deity

 

TAMILNADU

 

 

1.          

Thiruvallur

Velliyur

Vinayagar

2.          

 

Veeranathur

Veeranatheswarar

3.          

 

Iyaneri

Ponniyamman

4.          

 

Poondi

Sri Oondreeswarar

5.          

Kanchipuram

Damal

Draupadhiamman

6.          

 

Nenmeli

Rathina Muthumariamman

7.          

 

Thaiyur

Parasathamman

8.          

 

Kunnam

Poovathamman

9.          

Thiruvannamalai

Pavithram

Ayyanar

10.       

 

Pavupattu

Kannamadai Ayyanar

11.       

 

Hasanamapettai

Ponniamman

12.       

 

Maynallur

Ellaiamman

13.       

Pudukkottai

Peraambur

Kottaimettan

14.       

 

Sithannavasal

Vettikaruppar

15.       

 

Annavasal

Ooralikaruppar

16.       

 

Vadavalam

Punugukaruppar- Porpanai muneeswarar

17.       

 

Ilayavayal

Ayyanar

18.       

 

Karambakkudi

Muthukarupaiyya Swami

19.       

Madurai

Pappapatti

Ochandamman

20.       

 

Thimmanatham

Karuppasamy

21.       

 

Koodal Senkulam

Meenakshi Sundareswarar

22.       

Sivagangai

Kollangudi

Vettudaya kalliamman

23.       

Thirunelveli

Perunkottur

Thirukotti Ayyanar

24.       

Vellore

Sirunamalli

Alavattamman

25.       

 

Pudheri

Perumal

26.       

 

Nambirajapuram

Subramanyar

27.       

 

Arunkundram

Singaravelar

28.       

 

Nelvoi

Draupathi Amman

29.       

Trichy

Poigaipatti

Nayanmar and Kannimar

30.       

 

Kannudayanpatti

Nallandavar

31.       

Nagapattinam

Thiruppugalur

Agneeswarar

32.       

Thanjavur

Punnainallur

Mariamman

33.       

 

Vennantrangarai

Thanjaipureeswar

34.       

 

Papanasam

Srinivasa Perumal

35.       

Thiruvarur

Mannargudi

Meenakshi Chokkanathar

36.       

Erode

Bannari

Mariamman

37.       

The Nilgiris

Masinagudi

Masiniamman

38.       

Villupuram

Thiruvamathur

Abhirameswarar

39.       

 

Siruvangur

Kariya varadaraja Perumal

40.       

Virudhunagar

Inam Meenakshipuram

Sri Valinji Ayyanar

 

ANDHRA PRADESH

 

41.       

Nellore

Prabugiripattinam

Anjaneyar

42.       

 

Mallam

Subramanyeswarar

43.       

Chittoor

Yerpedu

Uthalakeswarar

44.       

 

Ramagiri

Valeeswarar

45.       

 

Gurramkonda

Sidheswarar

46.       

 

Eguapalyam

Amirtha kandeswarar

47.       

Cuddappah

Odhiveedu

Sri Anjaneyar

 

KARNATAKA

 

 

48.       

Mandya

Chikkade

Deveeramma

49.       

 

Haravu

Sri Rama

50.       

Mysore

Doddahejjur

Hanumantharayar

51.       

Tumkur

Karahalli

Sri Ranganathaswamy

52.       

 

Kallukote

Guddada  Lakshmi Ranganatha Swami